The Constitution of the League Of Micronations

This document shall be considered the full Charter defining the
organization and purpose of the League of Micronations (LOM). It
should be considered law in all member nations.

The Purpose of the League Of Micronations

We, the member nations of the League of Micronations, DESIROUS to
sustain an organization that shall embody the pioneering spirit of
micronationalism and further its cause, and TO unite us in our
pursuit of our national aims and to promote intermicronational
cooperation to achieve the same, and TO affirm respect for universal
fundamental ethical principles, and the celebration of humanity, and
TO advocate relations based on polite intercourse, true
understanding, and appreciation of different perspectives, and TO
preserve the gains made by those who have gone before us, and TO
maintain an environment conducive to the accomplishment of the above
aims, have resolved to combine our efforts to accomplish these
aforementioned. Accordingly, our respective governments through
representatives whose powers have been exhibited and found in good
form, have agreed to the present Charter of the League of
Micronations and do hereby establish an international organization to
be known as the League of Micronations.

The purposes of the League of Micronations are:
1. To provide a neutral arena for dialogue between nations.
2. To encourage inter-micro-national cooperation in addressing
international concerns.
3. To affirm respect of, and abide by, universal fundamental ethical
principles.
4. To foster beneficial relations between nations based on mutual
respect and amity.
5. To help micro-nations to develop in a peaceful and secure
community.
6. To advance peaceful settlement of disputes or potential threats to
the peace.
7. To be a center for coordinating the actions of nations in the
attainment of their common ends.

Article 1
Principle
The League is bound by the principle of sovereign equality of all its
member nations. All members of the League shall refrain in their
international relations from the threat or use of force against the
territorial integrity or political independence of any nation, or in
any manner inconsistent with the provisions of this Charter.

Article 2
The Structure of the League Of Micronations
The Principal Structure of the League of Micronations shall be: 
The Secretariat 
The General Assembly
The League of Intermicronational Court of Justice
The LOM Library - LoM archivist

Article 2a
No restrictions may be placed on the qualifications of any able
person to hold any office in the Secretariat, General Assembly, or
League of Micronations International Court of Justice.


Article 2b
The Secretariat
The Secretariat, under direction of the Secretary-General, shall
exercise powers of the admin and moderator of LOM and shall answer to
the LOM court. The Secretariat shall make reports to the General
Assembly on the work and state of the Organization at least once a
month minimum.

The Secretariat shall be composed of:


The Secretary-General:      Who shall be elected for a six-month
term by the General Assembly, and may not serve tree terms
consecutively, but may serve more in a non-consecutive manner.

One Vice Secretary-General:     Elected by the General Assembly by
the means of a Popular Vote. This election will be carried out exactly
the same as for the Secretary Generals Election, by the General
Assembly.

Webmaster: Appointed by the Secretary General
and confirmed by the General Assembly.

Article 2c
The General Assembly
The General Assembly shall be composed of all member nations
including Observer  nations that are members in good standing of the
League of Micronations, with up to three delegates, only one of whom
shall be allowed to vote, after informing the Secretary-General of
the identity of this delegate. Discussion by the General Assembly
must be public. Treaties, proposals, and resolutions before the
General Assembly must receive the support of more than 50% of the
numbers of the body voting in order to be accepted. Members shall not
be required to accept treaties unless such treaties only deal with
matters within the League of Micronations Organization. A quorum must
be present in order to do business, and a quorum shall not be less
than a quarter of the body.

Article 2d
Organization of the Court
The International Court of Justice will be organized in a manner
similar to that of the United States Supreme Court and the United
Nations World Court. There will be a judicial panel of seven
Justices. Six of the seven Justices will be Associate Justices,
whilst the remaining One will be the Chief Justice.
All Justices of the League of Micronations Court of Justice are to be
appointed by the Secretary-general at the time of the end of each
Justice's two-year term. At the time of the passage of this bill, the
current Secretary-general of the League will be empowered to appoint
three of the seven justices to the court, with one designated as
Chief Justice. The successor of the current Secretary-general will
then be empowered to appoint the remaining four Associate Justices.
This process of staggered appointment will serve as a restraint on
political appointments.
In the case that the representative of a member nation of the League
who holds a position on the Court becomes unable to fulfill his/her
term, the General Assembly will be legally empowered to nominate and
elect replacement Justices to the Court of Justice. These elected
Justices will then serve the remainder of the term of the retired
Justice and may serve no more unless appointed by the next Secretary-
general.
Should the General Assembly of the League of Micronations at any time
feel that a justice of the Court is acting in a gross abuse of
his/her powers, or the Secretary-general has made a substantially
questionable appointment, the assembly may impeach a sitting justice
by a majority of 85%.


Jurisdiction of the Court
The League of Micronations International Court of Justice will have
full jurisdiction over all matters concerning the safety
and peace of the member-nations of the League.
Member-nations may request that the Court hold trial in any matter
concerning their sovereignty, peace or defense, and may bring charges
against any member of the micronational community with regards to
crimes against humanity, and war crimes, as described by the
definitions of micronational war.
In any case where one member-nation charges another member with one
of the above- mentioned crimes, the Court will have original
jurisdiction should either party request trial.
The League of Micronations Court of Justice shall have original
jurisdiction over any offense committed by a member-nation of the
League that is a violation of any part of this Charter. Should a
member-nation commit an offense of this sort, the General Assembly
may at that time hold a vote on whether it will instruct its Special
Counsel to prosecute. Should the Assembly vote in the affirmative, by
simple majority consensus, the Special Counsel will be directed to
file the complaint with any Justice of the LoM Court for docketing.
The International Court of Justice is not obligated to accept every
case brought before it, and may dismiss any case it feels is
unnecessary, and cases may only be accepted if three of the seven
members of the Court feel that they should be accepted. Only one of
three justices will need to feel the need for a trial until the full
seven justice are appointed.
The parties to any dispute, the continuance of which is likely to
endanger the maintenance of peace and security, shall first seek a
solution by negotiation, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, resort
to regional agencies or arrangements, or other non-aggressive means
of their choice.
The General Assembly may, when it deems necessary, call upon the
parties to settle their disputes by such means.  All members of the
League are ipso facto under the jurisdiction of the Court.
Each member of the League undertakes to comply with the decision of
the Court in any case in which it is a party. If any party to a case
fails to perform the obligations incumbent upon it under a judgment
of the Court, the other party may have recourse to the LoM Sergeant
at Arms, which may make recommendations to the Court which will
decide upon measures to be taken to give effect to the judgment. 
Nothing in the present Charter shall prevent members of the League
from entrusting the solution of their disputes to other tribunals by
virtue of agreements already in existence or which may be concluded
in the future.
The League of Micronations Court of Justice shall only have the power to
handle disputes over multilateral negotiations or actions, war between
micronations, questions of an intermicronational judicial nature involving
multiple micronations, and to prosecute, convict, exonerate, or otherwise
judge criminals who have attacked multiple members of the LOM community. 
This jurisdiction shall never extend to questions over the actions of a
sovreign nation within its borders.

Court of Justice Legal Counsel
If the Court of Justice of the League of Micronations agrees to
accept any case that has been brought before it, the accused, or
defendant in the case is to have the right to counsel during trial.
This right constitutes the creation of an officer of the court,
nominated and appointed by the justices of the Court to act as
Special Defense Attorney. The duties of the attorney are to
investigate the case at hand for the defendant, and represent the
interests of the defendant. If the Court DA is found to not have been
competent counsel in any trial a mistrial may be declared by a
consensus of the justices and a new trial held.
Also, an Office of the General Assembly Special Counsel is to be
established in order to protect the interests of the General
Assembly, act as the body's chief prosecutor and defense counsel.
This officer of the assembly is to be elected popularly by the
assembly for a period of one year, when another election will be
held. There will be no limit on the number of terms a person may
serve as Special Counsel.

Sergeant at Arms
There shall be elected by qualified members of the League of
Micronations a Sergeant at Arms, who shall hold this office for the
term of one year, whose duties and prerequisites, and fees of office,
shall be prescribed by League of Micronations Legislature, and
vacancies in whose office shall be filled the League of Micronations
Legislature until the next general election. Elections for the Office
of Sergeant at Arms shall be held each first day of March.

Article 2e
The LoM Achivist is responsible by the LoM Library and records inside
LOM. He/She shall be appointed by the Secretary General and Confirmed
by the General Assembly. His/Her job will be to collect documents,
vote results and other important papers from LOM and LOM Member
Nations and store them in the LOM Library.



Article 3
3a. Membership in the League is open to all the nations that accept
the obligations contained in the present Charter and which, in the
judgment of the League, are able and willing to carry out these
obligations.

3b. The admission of any such nation shall be effected by a decision
of the General Assembly.

3c. No individual may represent more than one nation within the
League of Micro-nations

3d. Applicants will automatically be denied entry if in they do not
meet the following criteria.
a) Applicants to the League of micro-nations should have an Internet
homepage.
b) Applicants will not be admitted to the league whose micro-nations
exist for purely commercial reasons.
c) Applicants will not be admitted to the league if their websites
contain pornographic material.
d) Applicants will not be admitted to the league if their websites
promote hacking or any illegal activities.
e) Applicants will not be admitted to the league if their websites
are hate sites, e.g. Racist sites.

3e. A vote will be held to accept any new member.

3f. Members of the League of micro-nations may vote no for any reason
they choose.

3g. More than 50% of those League of micro-nations delegates who vote
must vote yes in order for a new member to be accepted into the
League.

3h. A member of the League, which has persistently violated the
principles contained in the present Charter, may be expelled from the
organization by the General Assembly after being found guilty by the
LOM Court.

Article 4
Nothing in this charter shall prevent the establishment of other
organizations as the General Assembly may deem appropriate.

Article 5
No organ of the League of Micronations shall seek the formal advice
of, or take orders from, a member or non-member nation on a question
currently before it.

Article 6
A treaty agreed to by a member of the League of Micronations ought to
register it with the Secretariat for publishing.

Article 7
No treaty not registered with the League of Micronations may be used
as lawful evidence before any organ of the League of Micronations.

Article 8
If a conflict between this charter and a treaty a member nation has
accepted shall arise, the member's obligations under this charter
shall prevail.

Article 9
All officers and staff of the League of Micronations shall be
diplomats and shall enjoy diplomatic immunity as such in the
territory of members as shall be required to carry out their duties.

Article 10
The land upon which the complex of the League of Micronations rests
shall be considered international land.


Article 11
The General Assembly, by a two thirds vote and with the agreement of
the Secretary-General, may codify intermicronational law, which shall
be the legal authority in cases not involving the domestic affairs of
one micronation. This codified intermicronational law shall be
subject to the interpretation of the Court of Justice. This shall in
no way grant the League of Micronations any jurisdiction over the
activities of a sovereign nation within its borders.

Article 12
Amendments to this charter may be accepted by a two thirds vote in
the General Assembly.

Article 13
If a convention for reform of this charter, which may go into session
upon majority vote of the General Assembly, shall not have taken
place by the end of the second year of the ratification of this
charter, such a convention may be convened by majority vote of the
General Assembly within three months of the date of the second
anniversary.



All members of LOM undertake to:


Respect Basic Human Rights - by ensuring that all citizens have basic
freedoms of speech, association, movement, worship and expression.
All member nations are expected to hold up these freedoms in order
that human beings within LOM may be allowed a reasonable Quality of
Life.

Respect and Recognize the Sovereignty of Other Member Nations - All
member nations must mutually recognize the sovereignty of other
member nations and use diplomatic measures, the Council of Ministers,
Commission of Ambassadors and LOM Court to resolve any disputes
between them. Any member nation attacking or declaring war on another
member nation will be referred to the LOM court where it will have to
defend its actions against the other nation. All member nations
should accept that micronational war is effectively impossible.

Accept the Need for Ever Closer Union between Micronations - Every
member nation of LOM should accept that ever closer union between
nations could potentially facilitate the eventual recognition of
micronations by macronations because one nation on its own can make
little difference whereas many nations have a much improved chance of
attracting attention. The need for increased solidarity between
micronations is key to this.

Contribute to the eventual success of LOM - LOM wishes to become the
largest and most powerful grouping of micronations in the world. This
can only be achieved if each member nation contributes actively to
the institutions of LOM. If any member nation is inactive for more
than 3 months the nation may be called by the LOM court to explain
itself and should it fail to do this face an expulsion vote in the
Commission of Ambassadors. Each nation must ensure that it makes its
share of appointments to institutions and posts in them and vote in
them.